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athens definition world history > Ancient Greece. Many of the southern suburbs (such as Alimos, Palaio Faliro, Elliniko, Glyfada, Voula, Vouliagmeni and Varkiza) known as the Athens Riviera, host a number of sandy beaches, most of which are operated by the Greek National Tourism Organisation and require an entrance fee. The city of Athens was officially created the day the Gods decided to have a contest: the growing city would be named after the deity who would offer to mortals the most useful gift. It is also the busiest passenger port in Europe and one of the largest passenger ports in the world. [131], Athens tram is operated by STASY S.A (Statheres Sygkoinonies S.A) which is a subsidiary company of OASA (Athens urban transport organisation). He believed in the saying “Nothing to excess," meaning that a person should not overdo anything. The political power of Athens was sometimes quite limited, however, especially after its defeat by Sparta in the Peloponnesian War. The line 3 (Blue Line) runs from Nikaia station, through the central Monastiraki and Syntagma stations to Doukissis Plakentias avenue in the northeastern suburb of Halandri. Athens is one of the oldest named cities in the world, having been continuously inhabited for perhaps 5,000 years. The deity would, therefore, become the patron god of the newly named city. [159], This article is about a city in Greece. (See also under “World Geography.”). Public transport is serviced by a variety of transportation means, forming the largest mass transit system of Greece. It connects Athens to the numerous Greek islands of the Aegean Sea, with ferries departing, while also serving the cruise ships that arrive. Athens has been a destination for travellers since antiquity. (2006). Learn more. In 700 BC the population grew to 10,000. Pericles was elected leader for 15 years in a row. More than 240,000 people voted. Located on Panepistimiou Street, the old campus of the University of Athens, the National Library, and the Athens Academy form the "Athens Trilogy" built in the mid-19th century. In the 1980s it became evident that smog from factories and an ever-increasing fleet of automobiles, as well as a lack of adequate free space due to congestion, had evolved into the city's most important challenge. Stathopoulou M., Cartalis C., Andritsos A. It is the largest container port in East Mediterranean Sea Basin. The area has been redeveloped according to a design by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava, with steel arches, landscaped gardens, fountains, futuristic glass, and a landmark new blue glass roof which was added to the main stadium. The Greek Government has created a corporation, Olympic Properties SA, which is overseeing the post-Olympics management, development and conversion of these facilities, some of which will be sold off (or have already been sold off) to the private sector,[167] while other facilities are still in use just as during the Olympics, or have been converted for commercial use or modified for other sports. Ancient Athens made numerous advancements the arts and produced famous philosophers such as Socrates and Aristotle. [19] Athens is home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Acropolis of Athens and the medieval Daphni Monastery. [163] The only observable problem was a somewhat sparse attendance of some early events. Santamouris M. (1997). Today it is often simply called η πρωτεύουσα ī protévousa 'the capital'. Euphranor had great versatility in the arts, and in painting was renowned for his pictures of the Olympian gods at Athens. Ancient Athens made numerous advancements the arts and produced famous philosophers such as Socrates and Aristotle. Ludwig von Döderlein proposed the stem of the verb θάω, stem θη- (tháō, thē-, "to suck") to denote Athens as having fertile soil. In Greek, the word … The history of Lexington dates back more than two centuries and the founding of the town is congruent with the founding of the nation. The city also ranked 35th in Digital Security, 21st on Health Security, 29th on Infrastructure Security and 41st on Personal Security globally in a 2017 The Economist Intelligence Unit report. At one point in history, the city of Athens was the proud owner of the Temple of Zeus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. A protest made by the latter led to a war between the two states in which Athens was worsted. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day, The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. The first settlers in Athens were from various ethnic groups that were organized in several kingdoms. Eventually, however, a total of more than 3.5 million tickets were sold, which was higher than any other Olympics with the exception of Sydney (more than 5 million tickets were sold there in 2000). [36] Beyond Mount Aegaleo lies the Thriasian plain, which forms an extension of the central plain to the west. Throughout the city’s history Athens was involved in numerous wars, including conflicts with the Persians and other Greeks, but it was also a great centre of learning. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Beginning in the 1920s, modern architecture including Bauhaus and Art Deco began to exert an influence on almost all Greek architects, and buildings both public and private were constructed in accordance with these styles. Athens (/ˈæθɪnz/ ATH-inz;[4] Greek: Αθήνα, romanized: Athína [aˈθina] (listen); Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, romanized: Athênai (pl.) Athens steht für: . 42,549. a city in S Ohio. Once the center of Athenian life, the Acropolis is now the site of famous ruins, including the Parthenon. You can use this Guided Reading Workbook in two ways. There are overall ten state-supported Institutions of Higher (or Tertiary) education located in the Athens Urban Area, these are by chronological order: Athens School of Fine Arts (1837), National Technical University of Athens (1837), National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (1837), Agricultural University of Athens (1920), Athens University of Economics and Business (1920), Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences (1927), University of Piraeus (1938), Harokopio University of Athens (1990), School of Pedagogical and Technological Education (2002), University of West Attica (2018). Iron Age burials, in the Kerameikos and other locations, are often richly provided for and demonstrate that from 900 BC onwards Athens was one of the leading centres of trade and prosperity in the region. Democracy is a system of government where citizens are allowed to participate in the proposal and creation of laws. [ (uh- krop-uh-lis) ] The fortified high point of ancient Athens (see also Athens). Athens is named after Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and war, and daughter of Zeus. Acharnae, Afidnes, Cytherus, Colonus, Corydallus, Cropia, Decelea, Euonymos, Vravron among others was important towns in Athenian countryside. Athens is built around a number of hills. The largest and oldest university in Athens is the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. : καντάδα) and the songs performed on stage (επιθεωρησιακά τραγούδια 'theatrical revue songs') in revues, musical comedies, operettas and nocturnes that were dominating Athens' theatre scene. The Municipality of Athens (also City of Athens), which actually constitutes a small administrative unit of the entire city, had a population of 664,046 (in 2011)[2] within its official limits, and a land area of 38.96 km2 (15.04 sq mi). It has a fleet of 35 Sirio type vehicles[132] which serve 48 stations,[132] employ 345 people with an average daily occupancy of 65,000 passengers. Line 1 mostly runs at ground level and the other two (Line 2 & 3) routes run entirely underground. Following the Greek War of Independence and the establishment of the Greek Kingdom, Athens was chosen as the capital of the newly independent Greek state in 1834, largely because of historical and sentimental reasons. Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 2. a metropolitan area comprising the city of Athens, Piraeus, and several residential suburbs. 201–216. Athens has hosted the Summer Olympic Games twice, in 1896 and 2004. Solar Energy, 70 (3): pp. 108–112. Definition of Democracy. This set a mod… [133] Further extension is under construction towards the major commercial port of Piraeus. Athens was the host city of the first modern-day Olympic Games in 1896, and 108 years later it hosted the 2004 Summer Olympics, making it one of the few cities to have hosted the Olympics more than once. [157] The Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center, inaugurated in 2016, will house the National Library of Greece and the Greek National Opera.[158]. Despite the variety in styles, there is evidence of continuity in elements of the architectural environment through the city's history.[19]. 2,530,000. a city in N Georgia. The most successful songs during the period 1870–1930 were the so-called Athenian serenades (Αθηναϊκές καντάδες), based on the Heptanesean kantádhes (καντάδες 'serenades'; sing. 10,197. any city that is compared to Athens, esp. According to the ancient Athenian founding myth, Athena, the goddess of wisdom, competed against Poseidon, the God of the Seas, for patronage of the yet-unnamed city;[24] they agreed that whoever gave the Athenians the better gift would become their patron[24] and appointed Cecrops, the king of Athens, as the judge. Other universities that lie within Athens are the Athens University of Economics and Business, the Panteion University, the Agricultural University of Athens and the University of Piraeus. Despite the fact that the Athenian songs were not autonomous artistic creations (in contrast with the serenades) and despite their original connection with mainly dramatic forms of Art, they eventually became hits as independent songs. [46] With an average of 455 millimetres (17.9 in) of yearly precipitation, rainfall occurs largely between the months of October and April. Neoclassicism, the international style of this epoch, was the architectural style through which Bavarian, French and Greek architects such as Hansen, Klenze, Boulanger or Kaftantzoglou designed the first important public buildings of the new capital. Dictionary.com Unabridged In our third teacher-created PSAT practice test there are new and unique vocabulary terms you may have never heard of! Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? This idea later lost support from the IOC and these games were discontinued. Guided by Pericles, who promoted the arts and fostered democracy, Athens embarked on an ambitious building program that saw the construction of the Acropolis of Athens (including the Parthenon), as well as empire-building via the Delian League. Greek composers begin to write music using the tunes of the tango, waltz, swing, foxtrot, some times combined with melodies in the style of Athenian serenades' repertory. in den Vereinigten Staaten: Athens (Alabama), im Limestone County Athens (Arkansas), im Howard County Athens (Georgia), im Clarke County Athens (Illinois), im Menard County • Turn to the section that you are going to read in the textbook. In football, Olympiacos have dominated the domestic competitions, Panathinaikos made it to the 1971 European Cup Final, while AEK Athens is the other member of the big three. [121], Athens is the major transportation hub of Greece. Lycabettus is one of the tallest hills of the city proper and provides a view of the entire Attica Basin. The Red Line has transfer connections with the Green Line 1 at Attiki and Omonia stations. What does athens mean? Athens expanded its settlement in the second half of the Middle Byzantine Period, in the 9th to 10th centuries AD, and was relatively prosperous during the Crusades, benefiting from Italian trade. (el) (Agios Panteleimonas), basketball club founded in 1992 with earlier presence in A2 Ethniki Basketball. Notable actors of Greek operettas, who made also a series of melodies and songs popular at that time, include Orestis Makris, Kalouta sisters, Vasilis Avlonitis, Afroditi Laoutari, Eleni Papadaki, Marika Nezer, Marika Krevata and others. Originally intended as an association of Greek city-states to continue the fight against the Persians, the league soon turned into a vehicle for Athens's own imperial ambitions. Located in the heart of the Bluegrass the city and its citizens have been involved in world affairs politically, economically, and culturally. definition: the area of Macedon and Greece, the smallest of the Hellenistic empires; cities such as Athens and Corinth flourished during the Hellenistic age and cities were overpopulated significance: center of Greece, most influential 42,549. a city in S Ohio. Interim Report, POLIS Research Project, European Commission, Directorate General for Science, Research and Development and human wellbeing and health. Total Cards. The Roman Agora and the Gate of Athena in Plaka district. In the ensuing Greco-Persian Wars Athens, together with Sparta, led the coalition of Greek states that would eventually repel the Persians, defeating them decisively at Marathon in 490 BC, and crucially at Salamis in 480 BC. [168] Concerts and theatrical shows, such as those by the troupe Cirque du Soleil, have recently been held in the complex. Athens Polytechnic uprising,[146] against the military junta that ruled the nation from 21 April 1967 until 23 July 1974. Another important Athenian sport club is the Athens Tennis Club founded in 1895 with important offer for the Greek tennis.[162]. [22] In antiquity, it was debated whether Athens took its name from its patron goddess Athena (Attic Ἀθηνᾶ, Athēnâ, Ionic Ἀθήνη, Athḗnē, and Doric Ἀθάνα, Athā́nā) or Athena took her name from the city. Work is underway to transform the grounds of the old Athens Airport – named Elliniko – in the southern suburbs, into one of the largest landscaped parks in Europe, to be named the Hellenikon Metropolitan Park.[77]. The airport accommodates 65 landings and take-offs per hour,[135] with its 24-passenger boarding bridges,[135] 144 check-in counters and broader 150,000 m2 (1,614,587 sq ft) main terminal;[135] and a commercial area of 7,000 m2 (75,347 sq ft) which includes cafés, duty-free shops,[136] and a small museum. A member of the aristocracy named Pericles (PAIR»uh»kleez) led Athens during much of this time. [135] The airport, awarded the "European Airport of the Year 2004" Award,[136] is intended as an expandable hub for air travel in southeastern Europe and was constructed in 51 months, costing 2.2 billion euros. Ostracism definition is - a method of temporary banishment by popular vote without trial or special accusation practiced in ancient Greece. Mycenean Athens in 1600–1100 BC could have reached the size of Tiryns; that would put the population at the range of 10,000–15,000. [34] The leading position of Athens may well have resulted from its central location in the Greek world, its secure stronghold on the Acropolis and its access to the sea, which gave it a natural advantage over inland rivals such as Thebes and Sparta. Also to be found is the Pedion tou Areos (Field of Mars) of 27.7 hectares, near the National Archaeological Museum. The Cephissus river, the Ilisos and the Eridanos stream are the historical rivers of Athens. The Athens area encompasses a variety of terrain, notably hills and mountains rising around the city, and the capital is the only major city in Europe to be bisected by a mountain range. The hills of Athens also provide green space. Athens is one of the great cities of the world. For the greatest part of the 19th century Neoclassicism dominated Athens, as well as some deviations from it such as Eclecticism, especially in the early 20th century. Classical Athens was a powerful city-state. As a whole the economy of Athens and Greece has been severely hit with today's data showing a change from long recession to growth of 1.4% in 2017. These would pave the way for the eventual introduction of democracy by Cleisthenes in 508 BC. In the northern suburb of Maroussi, the upgraded main Olympic Complex (known by its Greek acronym OAKA) dominates the skyline. Casinos operate on both Mount Parnitha, some 25 km (16 mi)[78] from downtown Athens (accessible by car or cable car), and the nearby town of Loutraki (accessible by car via the Athens – Corinth National Highway, or the suburban rail service Proastiakos). Can Amal Clooney Save Greece’s Antiquities? The 1906 Summer Olympics, or the 1906 Intercalated games, were held in Athens. Fencing before the king of Greece at the 1896 Summer Olympics. "The impact of climate change and urban heat islands on the occurrence of extreme events in cities. [49][50][51] Dut to the large area covered by Athens Metropolitan Area, there are notable climatic differences between parts of the urban conglomeration. The playwrights Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides flourished in Athens during this time, as did the historians Herodotus and Thucydides, the physician Hippocrates, and the philosopher Socrates. In the whole of Athenian territory they existed many towns. Theseus was responsible, according to the myth, for the synoikismos ("dwelling together")—the political unification of Attica under Athens. A second Olympic complex, next to the sea at the beach of Palaio Faliro, also features modern stadia, shops and an elevated esplanade. [39], The major waste management efforts undertaken in the last decade (particularly the plant built on the small island of Psytalia) have greatly improved water quality in the Saronic Gulf, and the coastal waters of Athens are now accessible again to swimmers. A member of the aristocracy named Pericles (PAIR»uh»kleez) led Athens during much of this time. A leading city of ancient Greece, famous for its learning, culture, and democratic institutions. The population of the unincorporated communities below is not mentioned here. Additional History Flashcards . Troy: Definition. Athens is also the southernmost capital on the European mainland and the warmest major city in Europe. [citation needed] Christian Lobeck proposed as the root of the name the word ἄθος (áthos) or ἄνθος (ánthos) meaning "flower", to denote Athens as the "flowering city". The Presidential Mansion, formerly the Crown Prince Palace, in Herodou Attikou Street. In this area, on November 17, 1973, more than 13 students were killed and hundreds injured during the Polytechnic Uprising against the military junta, which ruled the country from April 21, 1967 to July 23, 1974. During the first three years of preparations, the International Olympic Committee had expressed concern over the speed of construction progress for some of the new Olympic venues. The Athens Metropolitan Area (Greek: Μητροπολιτική Περιοχή της Αθήνας), also commonly known in English as Greater Athens,[85] spans 2,928.717 km2 (1,131 sq mi) within the Attica region and includes a total of 58 municipalities, which are organized in seven regional units (those outlined above, along with East Attica and West Attica), having reached a population of 3,737,550 based on the preliminary results of the 2011 census. [45], Athens has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa). (2011). The Athens case". [32] This issue is not unique to Athens; for instance, Los Angeles and Mexico City also suffer from similar atmospheric inversion problems.[32]. [54][65], Athens holds the World Meteorological Organization record for the highest temperature ever recorded in Europe, at 48 °C (118.4 °F), which was recorded in the Elefsina and Tatoi suburbs of Athens on 10 July 1977.[66]. Athens is affected by the urban heat island effect in some areas which is caused by human activity,[52][53] altering its temperatures compared to the surrounding rural areas,[54][55][56][57] and leaving detrimental effects on energy usage, expenditure for cooling,[58][59] and health. Duke Biology Thesis Guidelines, Does Rdp Use Kerberos Or Ntlm, Mlm Meme Meaning, Moneygram Online Contact, Submarine Chaser Plane, Osram Night Breaker Laser Review, Amity University Phd Admission Contact Number, " />

athens definition world history

[44] According to a Mercer 2019 Quality of Living Survey, Athens ranks 89th on the Mercer Quality of Living Survey ranking. 'E mykenaïke akropolis ton Athenon'. [41], Athens ranks in the lowest percentage for the risk on frequency and severity of terrorist attacks according to the EU Global Terrorism Database (EIU 2007–2016 calculations). Furthermore, some coastal areas of Athens, known as the Athens Riviera have a hot semi-arid climate (BSh) according to the climate atlas published by the Hellenic National Meteorological Service (H.N.M.S).[47]. The incumbent Mayor of Athens is Kostas Bakoyannis of New Democracy. "On the characteristics of the summer urban heat island in Athens, Greece". All rights reserved. 10,197. any city that is compared to Athens, esp. the capital and largest city of Greece; named after Athena (its patron goddess) Learn more about the history and significance of Athens in this article. The table below shows the historical population of Athens in recent times. The oldest known human presence in Athens is the Cave of Schist, which has been dated to between the 11th and 7th millennia BC. The port of Piraeus, where big investments by COSCO have already been delivered during the recent decade, the completion of the new Cargo Centre in Thriasion,[119] the expansion of the Athens Metro and the Athens Tram, as well as the projected metropolitan park in Elliniko and other economic projects are the economic landmarks of the upcoming years. Hiking and mountain-biking in all four mountains are popular outdoor activities for residents of the city. Athens is one of the oldest cities in the world as well, with recorded history going back over 3400 years. Later in the mid and late 19th century, Theophil Freiherr von Hansen and Ernst Ziller took part in the construction of many neoclassical buildings such as the Athens Academy and the Zappeion Hall. What does athens mean? Capital of Greece in east-central Greece on the plain of Attica, overlooking an arm of the Mediterranean Sea. The Athens Municipality forms the core and center of Greater Athens, which in its turn consists of the Athens Municipality and 34 more municipalities, divided in four regional units (Central, North, South and West Athens), accounting for 2,641,511 people (in 2011)[2] within an area of 361 km2 (139 sq mi). All the activities of UNIWA are carried out in the modern infrastructure of the three University Campuses within the metropolitan region of Athens (Egaleo Park, Ancient Olive Groove and Athens), which offer modern teaching and research spaces, entertainment and support facilities for all students. a city in and the capital of Greece, in the southeastern part. Daily average highs for July have been measured around 34 °C or 93 °F in downtown Athens, but some parts of the city may be even hotter for the higher density of buildings, such as the center,[48] in particular, western areas due to a combination of industrialization and a number of natural factors, knowledge of which has existed since the mid-19th century. any city that is compared to Athens, especially as a cultural center: the capital of Greece, in the southeast near the Saronic Gulf: became capital after independence in 1834; ancient city-state, most powerful in the 5th century. Athens definition: 1. the capital city of Greece, situated in the southern part of the country 2. the capital city of…. Santamouris M., Papanikolaou I., Livada I., Koronakis C., Georgakis C, Assimakopoulos D.N. July and August are the driest months when thunderstorms occur sparsely. [132] The expansion to Piraeus will include 12 new stations, increase the overall length of tram route by 5.4 km (3 mi), and increase the overall transportation network. [165][166] These claims, however, are disputed and likely to be inaccurate, as most of the facilities used for the Athens Olympics are either in use or in the process of being converted for post-Olympics use. Piraeus also forms a significant city centre on its own,[79] within the Athens Urban Area and it is the second largest in population size within it, with Peristeri, Kallithea and Kypseli following. The new port of Piraeus was a prototype harbour with the infrastructure and housing located in the site between modern passenger section of the port (named Kantharos in ancient times) and the Pasalimani harbour (named Zea in ancient times). The densely built up urban area of the Greek capital sprawls across 412 km2 (159 sq mi)[16] throughout the Attica Basin and has a total population of 3,074,160 (in 2011). 209–218. a metropolitan area comprising the city of Athens, Piraeus, and several residential suburbs. In 1458 it was conquered by the Ottoman Empire and entered a long period of decline. Along with national institutions, such as the Athens University and the Archaeological Society, there are multiple archaeological Museums including the National Archaeological Museum, the Cycladic Museum, the Epigraphic Museum, the Byzantine & Christian Museum, as well as museums at the ancient Agora, Acropolis, Kerameikos, and the Kerameikos Archaeological Museum. In 2000 the Organising Committee's president was replaced by Gianna Angelopoulos-Daskalaki, who was the president of the original Bidding Committee in 1997. Multinational companies such as Ericsson, Sony, Siemens, Motorola, Samsung, Microsoft, Novartis, Mondelez, Coca-Cola, etc. a metropolitan area comprising the city of Athens, Piraeus, and several residential suburbs. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years[citation needed] and its earliest human presence started somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennium BC.[5]. In 2004 Athens hosted the 2004 Summer Olympics. When Demetrius of Phalerum conducted a population census in 317 BC the population was 21,000 free citizens, plus 10,000 resident aliens and 400,000 slaves. He went to Athens and became a philosopher of the Cynic school, which see, as a disciple of Antisthenes. Athens - the capital and largest city of Greece; named after Athena (its patron goddess); "in the 5th century BC ancient Athens was the world's most powerful and civilized city" Athinai , capital of Greece , … In earlier Greek, such as Homeric Greek, the name had been current in the singular form though, as Ἀθήνη (Athḗnē). Four mountain ranges extend into city boundaries and thousands of kilometres of trails criss-cross the city and neighbouring areas, providing exercise and wilderness access on foot and bike. Mount Parnitha is the tallest of the four mountains (1,413 m (4,636 ft)),[37] and has been declared a national park. The ancient site of the main city is centred on the rocky hill of the acropolis. Athens is also home to several museums and cultural institutions, such as the National Archeological Museum, featuring the world's largest collection of ancient Greek antiquities, the Acropolis Museum, the Museum of Cycladic Art, the Benaki Museum and the Byzantine and Christian Museum. During the time of the Ancient Greeks it was the center of power, art, science, and philosophy in the world. Subject. Athens, historic city and capital of Greece. (el) (Petralona), football club founded in 1963, with earlier presence in Beta Ethniki, Attikos F.C. Athens' Metropolitan Area is served by the motorway network of the Attiki Odos toll-motorway (code: A6). [163] Some of the finest sporting venues in the world were created in the city, all of which were fully ready for the games. By the mid-4th century BC, the northern Greek kingdom of Macedon was becoming dominant in Athenian affairs. Beside the above clubs, inside the boundaries of Athens Municipality there are some more clubs with presence in national divisions or notable action for short periods. The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Notable composers of operettas or nocturnes were Kostas Giannidis, Dionysios Lavrangas, Nikos Hatziapostolou, while Theophrastos Sakellaridis' The Godson remains probably the most popular operetta. As of the 2011 census, the population for each of the seven municipal districts of Athens is as follows:[87]. History >> Ancient Greece. Many of the southern suburbs (such as Alimos, Palaio Faliro, Elliniko, Glyfada, Voula, Vouliagmeni and Varkiza) known as the Athens Riviera, host a number of sandy beaches, most of which are operated by the Greek National Tourism Organisation and require an entrance fee. The city of Athens was officially created the day the Gods decided to have a contest: the growing city would be named after the deity who would offer to mortals the most useful gift. It is also the busiest passenger port in Europe and one of the largest passenger ports in the world. [131], Athens tram is operated by STASY S.A (Statheres Sygkoinonies S.A) which is a subsidiary company of OASA (Athens urban transport organisation). He believed in the saying “Nothing to excess," meaning that a person should not overdo anything. The political power of Athens was sometimes quite limited, however, especially after its defeat by Sparta in the Peloponnesian War. The line 3 (Blue Line) runs from Nikaia station, through the central Monastiraki and Syntagma stations to Doukissis Plakentias avenue in the northeastern suburb of Halandri. Athens is one of the oldest named cities in the world, having been continuously inhabited for perhaps 5,000 years. The deity would, therefore, become the patron god of the newly named city. [159], This article is about a city in Greece. (See also under “World Geography.”). Public transport is serviced by a variety of transportation means, forming the largest mass transit system of Greece. It connects Athens to the numerous Greek islands of the Aegean Sea, with ferries departing, while also serving the cruise ships that arrive. Athens has been a destination for travellers since antiquity. (2006). Learn more. In 700 BC the population grew to 10,000. Pericles was elected leader for 15 years in a row. More than 240,000 people voted. Located on Panepistimiou Street, the old campus of the University of Athens, the National Library, and the Athens Academy form the "Athens Trilogy" built in the mid-19th century. In the 1980s it became evident that smog from factories and an ever-increasing fleet of automobiles, as well as a lack of adequate free space due to congestion, had evolved into the city's most important challenge. Stathopoulou M., Cartalis C., Andritsos A. It is the largest container port in East Mediterranean Sea Basin. The area has been redeveloped according to a design by the Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava, with steel arches, landscaped gardens, fountains, futuristic glass, and a landmark new blue glass roof which was added to the main stadium. The Greek Government has created a corporation, Olympic Properties SA, which is overseeing the post-Olympics management, development and conversion of these facilities, some of which will be sold off (or have already been sold off) to the private sector,[167] while other facilities are still in use just as during the Olympics, or have been converted for commercial use or modified for other sports. Ancient Athens made numerous advancements the arts and produced famous philosophers such as Socrates and Aristotle. [19] Athens is home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites, the Acropolis of Athens and the medieval Daphni Monastery. [163] The only observable problem was a somewhat sparse attendance of some early events. Santamouris M. (1997). Today it is often simply called η πρωτεύουσα ī protévousa 'the capital'. Euphranor had great versatility in the arts, and in painting was renowned for his pictures of the Olympian gods at Athens. Ancient Athens made numerous advancements the arts and produced famous philosophers such as Socrates and Aristotle. Ludwig von Döderlein proposed the stem of the verb θάω, stem θη- (tháō, thē-, "to suck") to denote Athens as having fertile soil. In Greek, the word … The history of Lexington dates back more than two centuries and the founding of the town is congruent with the founding of the nation. The city also ranked 35th in Digital Security, 21st on Health Security, 29th on Infrastructure Security and 41st on Personal Security globally in a 2017 The Economist Intelligence Unit report. At one point in history, the city of Athens was the proud owner of the Temple of Zeus, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. A protest made by the latter led to a war between the two states in which Athens was worsted. The Most Surprisingly Serendipitous Words Of The Day, The Dictionary.com Word Of The Year For 2020 Is …. The first settlers in Athens were from various ethnic groups that were organized in several kingdoms. Eventually, however, a total of more than 3.5 million tickets were sold, which was higher than any other Olympics with the exception of Sydney (more than 5 million tickets were sold there in 2000). [36] Beyond Mount Aegaleo lies the Thriasian plain, which forms an extension of the central plain to the west. Throughout the city’s history Athens was involved in numerous wars, including conflicts with the Persians and other Greeks, but it was also a great centre of learning. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Beginning in the 1920s, modern architecture including Bauhaus and Art Deco began to exert an influence on almost all Greek architects, and buildings both public and private were constructed in accordance with these styles. Athens (/ˈæθɪnz/ ATH-inz;[4] Greek: Αθήνα, romanized: Athína [aˈθina] (listen); Ancient Greek: Ἀθῆναι, romanized: Athênai (pl.) Athens steht für: . 42,549. a city in S Ohio. Once the center of Athenian life, the Acropolis is now the site of famous ruins, including the Parthenon. You can use this Guided Reading Workbook in two ways. There are overall ten state-supported Institutions of Higher (or Tertiary) education located in the Athens Urban Area, these are by chronological order: Athens School of Fine Arts (1837), National Technical University of Athens (1837), National and Kapodistrian University of Athens (1837), Agricultural University of Athens (1920), Athens University of Economics and Business (1920), Panteion University of Social and Political Sciences (1927), University of Piraeus (1938), Harokopio University of Athens (1990), School of Pedagogical and Technological Education (2002), University of West Attica (2018). Iron Age burials, in the Kerameikos and other locations, are often richly provided for and demonstrate that from 900 BC onwards Athens was one of the leading centres of trade and prosperity in the region. Democracy is a system of government where citizens are allowed to participate in the proposal and creation of laws. [ (uh- krop-uh-lis) ] The fortified high point of ancient Athens (see also Athens). Athens is named after Athena, the Greek goddess of wisdom and war, and daughter of Zeus. Acharnae, Afidnes, Cytherus, Colonus, Corydallus, Cropia, Decelea, Euonymos, Vravron among others was important towns in Athenian countryside. Athens is built around a number of hills. The largest and oldest university in Athens is the National and Kapodistrian University of Athens. : καντάδα) and the songs performed on stage (επιθεωρησιακά τραγούδια 'theatrical revue songs') in revues, musical comedies, operettas and nocturnes that were dominating Athens' theatre scene. The Municipality of Athens (also City of Athens), which actually constitutes a small administrative unit of the entire city, had a population of 664,046 (in 2011)[2] within its official limits, and a land area of 38.96 km2 (15.04 sq mi). It has a fleet of 35 Sirio type vehicles[132] which serve 48 stations,[132] employ 345 people with an average daily occupancy of 65,000 passengers. Line 1 mostly runs at ground level and the other two (Line 2 & 3) routes run entirely underground. Following the Greek War of Independence and the establishment of the Greek Kingdom, Athens was chosen as the capital of the newly independent Greek state in 1834, largely because of historical and sentimental reasons. Journal of Applied Meteorology, vol. 2. a metropolitan area comprising the city of Athens, Piraeus, and several residential suburbs. 201–216. Athens has hosted the Summer Olympic Games twice, in 1896 and 2004. Solar Energy, 70 (3): pp. 108–112. Definition of Democracy. This set a mod… [133] Further extension is under construction towards the major commercial port of Piraeus. Athens was the host city of the first modern-day Olympic Games in 1896, and 108 years later it hosted the 2004 Summer Olympics, making it one of the few cities to have hosted the Olympics more than once. [157] The Stavros Niarchos Foundation Cultural Center, inaugurated in 2016, will house the National Library of Greece and the Greek National Opera.[158]. Despite the variety in styles, there is evidence of continuity in elements of the architectural environment through the city's history.[19]. 2,530,000. a city in N Georgia. The most successful songs during the period 1870–1930 were the so-called Athenian serenades (Αθηναϊκές καντάδες), based on the Heptanesean kantádhes (καντάδες 'serenades'; sing. 10,197. any city that is compared to Athens, esp. According to the ancient Athenian founding myth, Athena, the goddess of wisdom, competed against Poseidon, the God of the Seas, for patronage of the yet-unnamed city;[24] they agreed that whoever gave the Athenians the better gift would become their patron[24] and appointed Cecrops, the king of Athens, as the judge. Other universities that lie within Athens are the Athens University of Economics and Business, the Panteion University, the Agricultural University of Athens and the University of Piraeus. Despite the fact that the Athenian songs were not autonomous artistic creations (in contrast with the serenades) and despite their original connection with mainly dramatic forms of Art, they eventually became hits as independent songs. [46] With an average of 455 millimetres (17.9 in) of yearly precipitation, rainfall occurs largely between the months of October and April. Neoclassicism, the international style of this epoch, was the architectural style through which Bavarian, French and Greek architects such as Hansen, Klenze, Boulanger or Kaftantzoglou designed the first important public buildings of the new capital. Dictionary.com Unabridged In our third teacher-created PSAT practice test there are new and unique vocabulary terms you may have never heard of! Why Do “Left” And “Right” Mean Liberal And Conservative? This idea later lost support from the IOC and these games were discontinued. Guided by Pericles, who promoted the arts and fostered democracy, Athens embarked on an ambitious building program that saw the construction of the Acropolis of Athens (including the Parthenon), as well as empire-building via the Delian League. Greek composers begin to write music using the tunes of the tango, waltz, swing, foxtrot, some times combined with melodies in the style of Athenian serenades' repertory. in den Vereinigten Staaten: Athens (Alabama), im Limestone County Athens (Arkansas), im Howard County Athens (Georgia), im Clarke County Athens (Illinois), im Menard County • Turn to the section that you are going to read in the textbook. In football, Olympiacos have dominated the domestic competitions, Panathinaikos made it to the 1971 European Cup Final, while AEK Athens is the other member of the big three. [121], Athens is the major transportation hub of Greece. Lycabettus is one of the tallest hills of the city proper and provides a view of the entire Attica Basin. The Red Line has transfer connections with the Green Line 1 at Attiki and Omonia stations. What does athens mean? Athens expanded its settlement in the second half of the Middle Byzantine Period, in the 9th to 10th centuries AD, and was relatively prosperous during the Crusades, benefiting from Italian trade. (el) (Agios Panteleimonas), basketball club founded in 1992 with earlier presence in A2 Ethniki Basketball. Notable actors of Greek operettas, who made also a series of melodies and songs popular at that time, include Orestis Makris, Kalouta sisters, Vasilis Avlonitis, Afroditi Laoutari, Eleni Papadaki, Marika Nezer, Marika Krevata and others. Originally intended as an association of Greek city-states to continue the fight against the Persians, the league soon turned into a vehicle for Athens's own imperial ambitions. Located in the heart of the Bluegrass the city and its citizens have been involved in world affairs politically, economically, and culturally. definition: the area of Macedon and Greece, the smallest of the Hellenistic empires; cities such as Athens and Corinth flourished during the Hellenistic age and cities were overpopulated significance: center of Greece, most influential 42,549. a city in S Ohio. Interim Report, POLIS Research Project, European Commission, Directorate General for Science, Research and Development and human wellbeing and health. Total Cards. The Roman Agora and the Gate of Athena in Plaka district. In the ensuing Greco-Persian Wars Athens, together with Sparta, led the coalition of Greek states that would eventually repel the Persians, defeating them decisively at Marathon in 490 BC, and crucially at Salamis in 480 BC. [168] Concerts and theatrical shows, such as those by the troupe Cirque du Soleil, have recently been held in the complex. Athens Polytechnic uprising,[146] against the military junta that ruled the nation from 21 April 1967 until 23 July 1974. Another important Athenian sport club is the Athens Tennis Club founded in 1895 with important offer for the Greek tennis.[162]. [22] In antiquity, it was debated whether Athens took its name from its patron goddess Athena (Attic Ἀθηνᾶ, Athēnâ, Ionic Ἀθήνη, Athḗnē, and Doric Ἀθάνα, Athā́nā) or Athena took her name from the city. Work is underway to transform the grounds of the old Athens Airport – named Elliniko – in the southern suburbs, into one of the largest landscaped parks in Europe, to be named the Hellenikon Metropolitan Park.[77]. The airport accommodates 65 landings and take-offs per hour,[135] with its 24-passenger boarding bridges,[135] 144 check-in counters and broader 150,000 m2 (1,614,587 sq ft) main terminal;[135] and a commercial area of 7,000 m2 (75,347 sq ft) which includes cafés, duty-free shops,[136] and a small museum. A member of the aristocracy named Pericles (PAIR»uh»kleez) led Athens during much of this time. [135] The airport, awarded the "European Airport of the Year 2004" Award,[136] is intended as an expandable hub for air travel in southeastern Europe and was constructed in 51 months, costing 2.2 billion euros. Ostracism definition is - a method of temporary banishment by popular vote without trial or special accusation practiced in ancient Greece. Mycenean Athens in 1600–1100 BC could have reached the size of Tiryns; that would put the population at the range of 10,000–15,000. [34] The leading position of Athens may well have resulted from its central location in the Greek world, its secure stronghold on the Acropolis and its access to the sea, which gave it a natural advantage over inland rivals such as Thebes and Sparta. Also to be found is the Pedion tou Areos (Field of Mars) of 27.7 hectares, near the National Archaeological Museum. The Cephissus river, the Ilisos and the Eridanos stream are the historical rivers of Athens. The Athens area encompasses a variety of terrain, notably hills and mountains rising around the city, and the capital is the only major city in Europe to be bisected by a mountain range. The hills of Athens also provide green space. Athens is one of the great cities of the world. For the greatest part of the 19th century Neoclassicism dominated Athens, as well as some deviations from it such as Eclecticism, especially in the early 20th century. Classical Athens was a powerful city-state. As a whole the economy of Athens and Greece has been severely hit with today's data showing a change from long recession to growth of 1.4% in 2017. These would pave the way for the eventual introduction of democracy by Cleisthenes in 508 BC. In the northern suburb of Maroussi, the upgraded main Olympic Complex (known by its Greek acronym OAKA) dominates the skyline. Casinos operate on both Mount Parnitha, some 25 km (16 mi)[78] from downtown Athens (accessible by car or cable car), and the nearby town of Loutraki (accessible by car via the Athens – Corinth National Highway, or the suburban rail service Proastiakos). Can Amal Clooney Save Greece’s Antiquities? The 1906 Summer Olympics, or the 1906 Intercalated games, were held in Athens. Fencing before the king of Greece at the 1896 Summer Olympics. "The impact of climate change and urban heat islands on the occurrence of extreme events in cities. [49][50][51] Dut to the large area covered by Athens Metropolitan Area, there are notable climatic differences between parts of the urban conglomeration. The playwrights Aeschylus, Sophocles and Euripides flourished in Athens during this time, as did the historians Herodotus and Thucydides, the physician Hippocrates, and the philosopher Socrates. In the whole of Athenian territory they existed many towns. Theseus was responsible, according to the myth, for the synoikismos ("dwelling together")—the political unification of Attica under Athens. A second Olympic complex, next to the sea at the beach of Palaio Faliro, also features modern stadia, shops and an elevated esplanade. [39], The major waste management efforts undertaken in the last decade (particularly the plant built on the small island of Psytalia) have greatly improved water quality in the Saronic Gulf, and the coastal waters of Athens are now accessible again to swimmers. A member of the aristocracy named Pericles (PAIR»uh»kleez) led Athens during much of this time. A leading city of ancient Greece, famous for its learning, culture, and democratic institutions. The population of the unincorporated communities below is not mentioned here. Additional History Flashcards . Troy: Definition. Athens is also the southernmost capital on the European mainland and the warmest major city in Europe. [citation needed] Christian Lobeck proposed as the root of the name the word ἄθος (áthos) or ἄνθος (ánthos) meaning "flower", to denote Athens as the "flowering city". The Presidential Mansion, formerly the Crown Prince Palace, in Herodou Attikou Street. In this area, on November 17, 1973, more than 13 students were killed and hundreds injured during the Polytechnic Uprising against the military junta, which ruled the country from April 21, 1967 to July 23, 1974. During the first three years of preparations, the International Olympic Committee had expressed concern over the speed of construction progress for some of the new Olympic venues. The Athens Metropolitan Area (Greek: Μητροπολιτική Περιοχή της Αθήνας), also commonly known in English as Greater Athens,[85] spans 2,928.717 km2 (1,131 sq mi) within the Attica region and includes a total of 58 municipalities, which are organized in seven regional units (those outlined above, along with East Attica and West Attica), having reached a population of 3,737,550 based on the preliminary results of the 2011 census. [45], Athens has a hot-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification: Csa). (2011). The Athens case". [32] This issue is not unique to Athens; for instance, Los Angeles and Mexico City also suffer from similar atmospheric inversion problems.[32]. [54][65], Athens holds the World Meteorological Organization record for the highest temperature ever recorded in Europe, at 48 °C (118.4 °F), which was recorded in the Elefsina and Tatoi suburbs of Athens on 10 July 1977.[66]. Athens is affected by the urban heat island effect in some areas which is caused by human activity,[52][53] altering its temperatures compared to the surrounding rural areas,[54][55][56][57] and leaving detrimental effects on energy usage, expenditure for cooling,[58][59] and health.

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